Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Curious about recent developments in Open Access?

 Arthur Sale, professor at the University of Tasmania,  delivered a paper entitled 'Recent Developments in Open Access' at the Theta 2013 Conference. This is a biannual meeting of ICT and Library staff working in Australasian universities. The paper is available (open access) and is worth a read:
 
Sale, AHJ (2013) Recent developments in Open Access. In: THETA: The Higher Education Technology Agenda 2013 , 7-10 April 2013, Hobart, Tasmania. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Open Access to the world’s research literature has been an obvious development since the emergence of the Internet. To everyone, it appears clear that the costs of disseminating research could drop dramatically. Yet, progress in achieving it is strangely slow. This paper explores recent developments in open access, including: • The recent Australian NH&MRC and ARC mandates for open access deposit in university repositories, and how universities are responding to them • The UK’s Finch Report, and Lord Krebs’ Committee Report • Recent USA and German developments • Gradual growth in open access journals, and the challenge for universities and their libraries of transferring reader-side fees (subscriptions) to author-side fees (publication charges) • The emergence of submission fees so that highly selective journals need not transfer all the costs of rejections onto successful articles • Fake conferences and journals which exist only to extract attendance or publication fees • Newer publishing models • The recent emergence of a third route to open access based on social networking. The delays in establishing an obvious developmental consequence of the Internet can largely be attributed to two factors: (a) academic apathy and inertia, and (b) publisher protection of profit margins and old business models. Neither of these can be expected to last. Of particular interest is the ‘Titanium Road’, a route to open access that is reliant on social networking.
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Posted by K. Jane
 

Tuesday, April 16, 2013

A new resource about Article-Level Metrics (ALMs)

Today, SPARC released a new community resource delving into Article-Level Metrics (ALMs) an emerging hot topic in the scholarly publishing arena. Article-Level Metrics (ALMs) are rapidly emerging as important tools to quantify how individual articles are being discussed, shared, and used. This new SPARC primer is designed to give campus leaders and other interested parties an overview of what ALMs are, why they matter, how they complement established utilities and metrics, and how they might be considered for use  in the tenure and promotion process. 

Article-Level Metrics (ALMs) are promoting the notion that new tools can be developed and implemented to measure a scholarly object’s reach and importance.  This primer can be used by interested parties to better understand why this matters, what the results to date have been, and where the ALM path is headed.

Please click on the link to reach the new primer: Article-Level Metrics -- A SPARC Primer.

For more information, please contact Greg Tananbaum.

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posted by K Jane

Friday, April 12, 2013

Joint CARL-CRKN Statement on Open Access

Joint CARL-CRKN Statement on Open Access

April 9th 2013

CARL and the Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN) are pleased to endorse the report and recommendations of the Joint CARL-CRKN Open Access Working Group (OAWG). Read more

http://www.crkn.ca/communications/joint-carl-crkn-statement-on-open-access
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Posted by K. Jane

Monday, April 8, 2013

new improved version of Patent Lens

Lens Logo
There is a new improved version of Patent Lens, a public patent search system created by an independent research institute in Australia.

The Lens serves nearly all of the patent documents in the world as open, annotatable digital public goods that are integrated with scholarly and technical literature along with regulatory and business data. The Lens will allow document collections, aggregations, and analyses to be shared, annotated, and embedded to forge open mapping of the world of knowledge-directed innovation. Ultimately, this will restore the role of the patent system as a teaching resource to inspire and inform entrepreneurs, citizens and policy makers.

The new “Lens” contains bibliographic data for 81 million documents from 100+ patent issuing authorities from 1907 forward, plus searchable full-text coverage of US patents (1976+) and published applications (2001+), EP patents (1980+) and PCT applications (1978+). Registered users can save queries and search results, tag and annotate documents, and share results. Integrated analytics allow users to visualize search results by country, IPC, USPC, inventor, owner, applicant, year, biological organism, top cited patents and document type. Patent family and legal status are also available.

Within the next two years, they expect to host over 95% of the world's patent information and link to most of the scholarly literature, creating open public innovation portfolios of individuals and institutions.

Not all of these features appear to be implemented yet and future improvements are planned.

The Lens is not a replacement for Espacenet, but the ability to save large collections of documents is nice and the analytical tools are handy for constructing patent landscapes.

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posted by K. Jane

The Ithaka S+R 2012 US Faculty Survey is Now Available

The Ithaka S+R 2012 US Faculty Survey is Now Available


Ithaka S+R fielded its fifth survey of faculty members at four-year colleges and universities in the United States. This morning it released those results in a report that sheds light on everything from how best to improve student research skills, and their views on peer networks and scholarly societies, to what guides faculty members' publishing choices.

"Every day we read about the ways in which traditional approaches to teaching and learning, and how scholarly information is shared, may undergo major shifts using new technologies," said Roger Schonfeld, Ithaka S+R program director for Scholarly Practices and Libraries. "It's invigorating, and amidst the excitement, it's a good time to take a step back and to see how the nation's faculty members see some core parts of their work evolving."

The random sample of 5,261 faculty members replied to questions developed in consultation with an advisory committee of librarians, publishers, and a scholarly society executive. In addition to long-standing topics like the importance of libraries to the respondents' work and their comfort levels with shifting library collections from print to digital, the survey also covers the expanding role of ebooks, developments in teaching methods, and the factors that shape research topics and projects.

Major topics covered by the survey include:

  • Research processes: The processes through which scholars perform their research, focusing principally on the use of research materials in secondary and primary research.
  • Teaching practices: The pedagogical methods that faculty members are adopting and the ways that they draw on content and support services in their teaching.
  • Scholarly communications: Formal and informal methods by which scholars communicate with each other, the ways in which the types of materials and information exchanged in these processes are evolving, and needs for various kinds of publishing support services.
  • The library: How faculty members perceive the roles and value of their institutional library, touching on the roles the library plays in supporting many of the above activities.
  • Scholarly societies: How faculty members perceive the roles and value of their primary scholarly society, including in supporting both formal and informal communications between scholars.

The survey, implemented using a rigorous methodological approach, also provides unique insight in its ability to track change over time against surveys conducted in 2003, 2006, and 2009.

The full report is now freely available online on the Ithaka S+R website and the complete dataset will be deposited with ICPSR shortly.


Download Report


~ Posted by K. Jane

Friday, April 5, 2013

French scholars say ‘oui’ to open access

Times Higher Education Logo

French scholars say 'oui' to open access
March 28th - Times Higher Education

Sixty senior figures (including Tom Hickerson for CARL) from the humanities and social sciences in France have published a statement in national newspaper Le Monde in support of open access. The signatories, who include university presidents, librarians and journal editors, warn that if the humanities and social sciences were to opt out of wider moves towards open access they "would become isolated and ultimately extinct".

Read more:


http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/french-scholars-say-oui-to-open-access/2002825.article


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Posted by K Jane

Thursday, April 4, 2013

World IP Day Panel: Should I pursue my Invention?



WIPO IP Day Poster

World Intellectual Property Day takes place on April 26, 2013!

On Friday April 26, the Catalyst Centre in collaboration with the University’s Research Enterprise & Scholarly Communication and Open Learning and Educational Support (Open Ed) proudly presents this panel discussion on a question that often arises when you're hit with the EUREKA! moment.


Who Should Attend:

Faculty members, Professional Staff and student entrepreneurs, graduates and undergraduates interested in benefiting from their current or future inventions.

Light Lunch will be provided.


 Topic:      IP Learning Series
Instructor(s):
  • Dr.Alan Darlington, Founder and Partner, Nedlaw Living Walls
  • Dr. Melanie Szweras, Partner, Lawyer & Patent Agent, Bereskin & Parr LLP,
  • Lorelei Graham, Partner, Lawyer, Patent & Trademark Agent, Norton Rose
Format:  Panel Discussion
Location:  1511 - Science Complex
Time:  9:30 AM - 12:30 PM ( 3 hours )
Contact:  Haridoss Sarma/53503
Maximum Attendance:  30


Register at the TSS Reg site: http://www.uoguelph.ca/tss/registration/index.cfm?act=view&event_id=2062

Follow WIPO and join the discussion on the World IP Day Facebook page
Find IP Day images from around the world and check out activities on the world events map;

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

A special Nature magazine issue dated 3/28/2013.

Nature logo

A special Nature magazine issue dated 3/28/2013. 

The Future of Publishing

http://www.nature.com/news/specials/scipublishing/index.html.

The Table of contents reveals some very interesting articles:

  • Editorial
    • Disciplinary action - How scientists share and reuse information is driven by technology but shaped by discipline.
  • News
    • Sham journals scam authors - Con artists are stealing the identities of real journals to cheat scientists out of publishing fees.
  •  News Features
    • The true cost of science publishing - Cheap open-access journals raise questions about the value publishers add for their money.
    • The library reboot - As scientific publishing moves to embrace open data, libraries and researchers are trying to keep up. 
    • The dark side of publishing - The explosion in open-access publishing has fuelled the rise of questionable operators.
  •  Comment
    • Beyond the paper - The journal and article are being superseded by algorithms that filter, rate and disseminate scholarship as it happens, argues Jason Priem.
    •  A fool's errand - Objections to the Creative Commons attribution licence are straw men raised by parties who want open access to be as closed as possible, warns John Wilbanks.
    •  How to hasten open access - Three advocates for a universally free scholarly literature give their prescriptions for the movement’s next push, from findability to translations.
  •  Books and Arts
    • Q&A: Knowledge liberator - Robert Darnton heads the world's largest collection of academic publications, the Harvard University Library system. He is also a driver behind the new Digital Public Library of America. Ahead of its launch in April, he talks about Google, science journals and the open-access debate.
  •  Careers
    • Open to possibilities - Opting for open access means considering costs, journal prestige and career implications.


Read it now: http://www.nature.com/news/specials/scipublishing/index.html

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posted by K Jane

Why data needs to be promiscuous!

Here's a TED Talk worth watching:

William Noel: Revealing the lost codex of Archimedes

How do you read a two-thousand-year-old manuscript that has been erased, cut up, written on and painted over? With a powerful particle accelerator, of course! Ancient books curator William Noel tells the fascinating story behind the Archimedes palimpsest, a Byzantine prayer book containing previously-unknown original writings from ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes and others.

William Noel is the Curator of Manuscripts and Rare Books at the Walters Art Museum. But for someone who spends the majority of his time analyzing ancient and medieval artifacts, he also embraces social media and stresses its value even for the oldest, most established academic and cultural institutions. Noel believes passionately that institutions should free their digital data.

Since 1999 Noel has spearheaded the conservation of a manuscript known as the Archimedes Palimpsest. The palimpsest is a unique Byzantine prayer book made up of parchments which contain hidden writings from three original previously-unknown texts: treatises written by Archimedes; works by the 4th-century B.C. Attic Orator Hyperides; and 3rd-century commentary on Aristotle’s Categories, by an unknown author.

Using a powerful particle accelerator Noel and his team were able to uncover the hidden texts and publish all their images and findings on the Internet, available to anyone for free under a  Creative Commons license.


Watch it now: http://www.ted.com/talks/william_noel_revealing_the_lost_codex_of_archimedes.html


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posted by K Jane



Monday, April 1, 2013

4 ways open access enhances academic freedom


photo by SantiMB cc


On March 27, 2013, Curt Rice blogged 4 ways open access enhances academic freedom. In his post, he provides a counter argument for those that feel that academic freedom is impeded by a requirement to publish in open access journals.


Worth a read: http://curt-rice.com/2013/03/27/4-ways-open-access-enhances-academic-freedom/

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Posted by K Jane