Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Open Access: Why faculty should care

screencapture of vimeo
The CDL was founded by the University of California in 1997 to take advantage of emerging technologies that were transforming the way digital information was being published and accessed. Since then, in collaboration with the UC libraries and other partners, we assembled one of the world’s largest digital research libraries and changed the ways that faculty, students, and researchers discover and access information.

This is an excellent short video from their collection. Rich Schneider, UCSF professor of orthopaedic surgery and open access champion, was instrumental in rallying UCSF faculty to pass an open access policy in May 2012 (2:08 minutes):

Watch it:

and see other videos from Rich Schneider:

Monday, July 22, 2013

Honoring Creators of The Declaration On Research Assessment With SPARC Innovator Award

SPARC Honors Creators of The Declaration On Research Assessment With SPARC Innovator Award
Washington, D.C. – July 22, 2013

Evaluating good research and recognizing accomplished researchers is an important component of science, but, critics claim that there has been too much emphasis placed on using the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) as a proxy to assess impact.

The JIF is a quick and easy way to assess the average number of citations in a journal. However, many in the scientific community feel that it has been applied inappropriately to measure articles and individual researchers, and has come to dominate publishing decisions and academic personnel matters in a way that skews scientific judgments.

Taking a strong first step on the road reversing this trend, in May of this year, 237 individuals and institutions signed the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA), which calls for an improvement in the way the output of scientific research is evaluated.

The declaration poses a simple but bold proposition: that journal-based metrics should not be used as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist’s contributions, or in making hiring, promotion or funding decisions.

Since it was issued, the statement has resonated in diverse corners of the scientific community and more than 8,700 individuals and 340 organizations have pledged their support to the campaign by signing the online declaration.

Among those leading the DORA efforts:
  • David Drubin, editor-in-chief of The American Society for Cell Biology’s journal, Molecular Biology of the Cell (MBoC), and professor of cell and developmental biology at the University of California at Berkeley;
  • Stefano Bertuzzi, executive director of the ASCB;
  • Bernd Pulverer, head of scientific publications for the European Molecular Biology Organization;
  • Mark Patterson, Executive Director of eLife in Cambridge, England; and
  • Mike Rossner, former executive director of The Rockefeller University Press

For their work in trying to change the broad use of the Journal Impact Factor as the sole measure used to assess research and researchers, SPARC recognizes the creators of DORA with its July 2013 Innovator Award.

While reliance on journal metrics has been a community concern for some time, the DORA organizers said the issue came to a head as funding for research has stagnated in many countries and competition has intensified to get into prestigious journals. They contend the current system of evaluation is embedded but there is a general view that reliance on metrics has gone too far. The movement started within cell biologists, but the supporters now include social scientists, mathematicians, and chemists from both the U.S. and around the world.

The July 2013 SPARC Innovator Profile is online at
The SPARC Innovator program recognizes advances in scholarly communication propelled by an individual, institution, or group
Further information and lists of previous SPARC Innovators, can be found on the SPARC Web site at

Re- posted by K. Jane

Scientific data: open access to research results will boost Europe's innovation capacity

European Commission logo
European Commission Logo
On July 17th the Council of the European Union published its press release on the Agreement on Horizon 2020.
The agreement paves the way for the formal adoption of the "Horizon 2020" legislative package by the European Parliament and the Council through a vote in the coming months. Horizon 2020 will replace the EU's 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), which runs until the end of 2013. Compared with FP7, the new programme is expected to further eliminate fragmentation in the fields of scientific research and innovation.
Read the full text of the press release here:

HORIZON 2020 will include a section about Open access and open data to results:
Read the details about data and open access here:

Posted by K. Jane

Do Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations Diminish Publishing Opportunities in the Social Sciences and Humanities?

Do Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations Diminish Publishing Opportunities in the Social Sciences and Humanities
Do Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations Diminish Publishing Opportunities in the Social Sciences and Humanities? Findings from a 2011 Survey of Academic Publishers College & Research Libraries - vol. 74 no. 4, July 2013

An increasing number of higher education institutions worldwide are requiring submission of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) by graduate students and are subsequently providing open access to these works in online repositories. Faculty advisors and graduate students are concerned that such unfettered access to their work could diminish future publishing opportunities. This study investigated social sciences, arts, and humanities journal editors’ and university press directors’ attitudes toward ETDs. The findings indicate that manuscripts that are revisions of openly accessible ETDs are always welcome for submission or considered on a case-by-case basis by 82.8 percent of journal editors and 53.7 percent of university press directors polled.

Read on

Posted by K. Jane

An Introduction to Social Media for Scientists

An Introduction to Social Media for Scientists - an open access article

PLoS Biology - April 23

Online social media tools can be some of the most rewarding and informative resources for scientists — if they know how to use them.

 Read more

~posted by K. Jane

Guide to Creative Commons for Humanities and Social Science Monograph Authors

Guide to Creative Commons for Humanities and Social Science Monograph Authors
Guide to Creative Commons for Humanities and Social Science Monograph Authors
OAPEN-UK - July 2013

Print sales of scholarly monographs are in decline.

This guide explores concerns expressed in public evidence given by researchers, learned societies and publishers to inquiries in the House of Commons and the House of Lords, and also concerns expressed by researchers working with the OAPEN-UK project. This guide is specifically about Creative Commons licences, not about open access in general.

Read more

posted by
K. Jane

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

British Academy "Debating Open Access" Essays Available

"debating open access" image of the  book cover
The British Academy has published a series of eight essays dealing with open access primarily in the humanities and social sciences.

Featuring contributions from:
Rita Gardner
Stuart M. Shieber
Chris Wickham
Stephen Curry
Martin Paul Eve
Ziyad Marar
Robin Osborne
Nigel Vincent

These are available for download at:

Thanks to Clifford Lynch, Director, CNI for sharing.

~posted by K. Jane